びわの葉療法とは

コチラは茶葉に関する専門書などを参考に奈良びわの葉会が取りまとめた情報を記載しております。ここで記載されている内容は一般的に知られる効果・効能であって、私が販売する商品の効果・効能を保障するものではなく、あくまでも個々の素材の特徴を知る上での参考情報としてご活用頂ければ幸いです。

びわの葉療法の歴史

 

 

ビワの葉温熱療法」は、ビワの葉療法温灸療法を合わせた療法で、両者の相乗効果により、私たち人間が生まれながらに持っている自然治癒力(生命力)を高めて病気を治すという最高にすばらしい家庭療法です。


 札幌鉄道病院の福島鐵雄博士は、

  1. ビワの葉療法の奏効は迅速である
  2. かつ、確実性がある
  3. そして、万病に奏効する

と語り、ビワの葉療法の即効性、確実性、もろもろの症状に対応できることを列挙しています。

 

仏教の経典(仏典)のひとつ『大般涅槃経』(だいはつねはんぎょう)の中で、ビワの木は「大薬王樹」、ビワの葉は「無憂扇」と呼ばれ、例えば「大薬王樹、枝、葉、根、茎ともに大薬あり、病者は香を嗅ぎ、手に触れ、舌に嘗めて、ことごとく諸苦を治す」と、大変優れた薬効があると伝えられています。


また、中国でもビワの葉は枇杷葉のと呼ばれ、漢方の生薬として大切に扱われてきました。


明時代の書物『本草綱目』(1596年、李時珍・著)や、清時代の書物『医宗金鑑』(いそうきんかん)にもビワの葉の効用についての記述があり、現在でもいろいろな漢方薬に配合されています。これら枇杷葉が配合された漢方薬の多くは「肺の熱っぽいもやもやをしずめ、痰を切り、咳を止め、胃の不快な症状を穏やかにして吐き気を抑える薬」とされています。

 

奈良時代に仏教とともに中国から伝来

 

禅文化研究所の文献によれば、ビワの葉療法は鑑真和尚(唐招提寺建立)が中国から日本に伝えたとされています。

 

聖武天皇のお妃の光明皇后が730年に「施薬院」(今の病院)を創設し、そこでもビワの葉療法が行われていました。


やがて、お寺の僧侶が寺の境内にビワの木を植えて檀家の人々や村人にビワの葉療法を行い、病人を救うようになりました。


しかし一般には「ビワの木を庭に植えると病人が絶えない」とか「縁起が悪いのでビワの木を庭に植えてはならない」という言い伝えがあるのも事実です。
これはビワの木に薬効があることが知られるにつれ、庭にビワの木のある家には病人が出入りするようになり、それを嫌ってそのような言い伝えが生まれたのではないかと言われています。つまり、これはまったくの迷信で、裏を返せばビワの木のすぐれた薬効を裏付けるものと言うこともできそうす。

 

びわの葉療法

 

1) びわの葉を直接患部に貼る方法

色の濃い古いビワの葉を選んで採取し、表のツルツルした面を患部に当てて貼っておくと、体温によりビワの葉が温められて薬効成分が少しずつ皮膚から浸透し、痛みや腫れがとれたりします。捻挫や末期ガンの痛みに奏効したという事例があります。
体温で葉がすぐにバリバリになるので、葉の上にラップや油紙を貼っておくとより効果的です。
病人の場合には、寝床にビワの葉を敷き並べ、その上にタオルを敷いて横になるという間接的な当て方でも効果があるそうです。

 

2) 金地院療法(びわの葉をあぶって撫でる方法)

 

静岡県浜松市北区細江町にある臨済宗の寺、金地院(こんちいん)で河野大圭(こうのたいけい)禅師が行った療法で、難病に苦しむ20万人以上の人々を救ったと言われています。
緑の濃い厚手の生葉の光沢のある表面を焦げない程度に火で焙り、二枚合わせて両手で10回ほど擦り合わせ、これを一枚ずつ両手に持って熱いうちに皮膚に直接密着させ、押し揉むようにして撫でます。
撫でる場所はまず腹部を6~7分、丹田とみぞおちを入念に行い、その後、背、肩、腰、尻まで全部で10分程度行います。
最後に患部、例えば肝炎なら肝臓部の腹部と背部に行います。

 

3) びわの葉温灸(びわの葉に棒もぐさを使う方法)

 

ビワの生葉棒もぐさを使用する温灸法で、一般に大変よく普及しています。
ビワの葉を患部やツボに当て、その上に棒もぐさを立てて温灸します。

  1. ビワの葉のアミグダリンなどの薬理作用
  2. 棒もぐさによる温灸作用
  3. 棒もぐさの押圧による指圧効果

などがあるとされ、実際に大きな効果を上げています。
ただ、煙が出る、においがする、火の粉や灰の始末が大変、などの弱点もあり、特に安全性の面で老人や子供には難しいようです。

 

4) びわの葉エキスの温灸(もぐさ式温灸器)

 

特殊な器具(もぐさ式温灸器)の先端部にビワの葉エキスを染み込ませ、それを棒もぐさで加熱してから肌に押し当てます。
ビワの葉エキスを使用するため、特に身近にビワの葉のない地域の人々は重宝します。
ただ、もぐさを使うので煙やにおいが強く、火の取扱や灰の処理でも苦労します。

 

5) ユーフォリア温灸器

 

遠赤外線の熱で器具の先端部に染み込ませたビワの葉エキスを蒸気化して皮膚を温めます。
遠赤外線は他の熱源に比べて深達力が強く、皮膚表面だけでなく身体を芯から温めることが期待できます。
市販されている遠赤外線式温灸器は医療機器としての認証を受けており、具体的な効能効果としては、

  1. 疲労回復
  2. 血行を良くする
  3. 筋肉のこりをほぐす
  4. 筋肉の疲れをとる
  5. 神経痛・筋肉痛の緩和
  6. 胃腸の働きを活発にする

が挙げられています。
この温灸器を実際に肌に当ててみると、最初はふんわりと温かいのですが15秒ほどでギュッと熱感が増し、とても気持ちの良いものです。
もぐさを使わないので毎日続けても安価に済むこと、灰や火の粉が飛ばず安全であること、などの利点もあります。
このため、自宅やマンションはもちろんのこと、ホテルや病院などでも安心して使用することができます。

 

 

History of loquat leaf therapy

 

 

 

Loquat leaf thermotherapy” is a combined therapy of loquat leaf therapy and thermal moxibustion. The synergy of them enhances the self-healing power that human beings originally have, and cures diseases. It is the most splendid home treatment that we have.

 

 

 

Dr. Fukushima of Sapporo Railway Hospital (current JR Sapporo Hospital) said as below.

 

1. Loquat leaf therapy takes effect speedily.

 

2. With certainty.

 

3. It takes effect on all diseases.

 

He listed its quick effect, certainty, and multifunctional capability of loquat leaf therapy.

 

 

 

Loquat trees are called “大薬王樹 (great medicine king trees)”, and loquat leaves are called “無憂扇 (no worries fans)” in “Mahayana Mahaparinirvaa Sutra”, one of Buddhist scriptures. For example, its excellent medicinal properties are described as “Great medicine king trees have great medicinal properties in its branches, leaves, roots, and stems. Sick people smells its scent, touches it with hands, and lick it to heal all kinds of torments”.

 

 

 

Loquat leaves have been valued also in China as a herbal medicine of traditional Chinese medicine.

 

 

 

A book from the Ming Dynasty, “Bencao Gangmu” written by Li Shizhen in 1596, and a book from the Qing Dynasty, “Yi zong jin jian” also have description about effects of loquat leaves. And loquat leaves are still contained in various herbal medicines. Most of such herbal medicines containing loquat leaves are said to be “medicines to calm down feverish uncomfortable feeling of lungs, loosen phlegm, stop coughing, and alleviate sickening symptoms of stomach and relieve nausea”.

 

 

 

Transferred from China along with Buddhism in the Nara period 

 

 

 

According to the literatures of The Institute for Zen Studies, loquat leaf therapy was introduced from China by the Buddhist Master Ganjin (or Jianzhen), who built Toshodaiji Temple in Japan.

 

 

 

The Empress Komyo, the wife of the Emperor Shomu, established “Dispensary”, which is today’s hospital, in 730. Loquat leaf therapy was also conducted there.

 

 

 

Before long, monks started to plant loquat trees in the precincts of temples, and practiced loquat leaf therapy for the patrons of their temples and village people to help sick people.

 

 

 

However, it is also true that there are old sayings such as “There are always sick people if a loquat tree is planted in the garden” or “Do not plant a loquat tree because of bad lack”. It is considered that such sayings spread because the more its medicinal properties were known, the more sick people visited the houses which had loquat trees in the garden, and people disliked that. In other words, they were superstitious beliefs which, on the contrary, prove the excellent medicinal properties of loquat trees.

 

 

 

Loquat leaf therapy

 

 

 

(1) Directly placing a loquat leaf on the affected area

 

 

 

Select a dark-colored, old loquat leaf, and place it on the affected area so that the smooth top surface of the leaf touches the skin. The leaf is warmed by body heat, and its medicinal properties are gradually absorbed from the skin, and heal pain and swelling. There are examples that it worked on pain from sprains and terminal cancer. The leaf becomes dry and crunchy heated by body heat, so it is more effective if you cover the leaf with plastic wrap or oiled paper. It is said indirect application by placing loquat leaves over the bed, covering them with towel, and lying on it is also effective for sick people.

 

 

 

(2) Konchi-in therapy (a method stroking the affected area with warmed loquat leaves)

 

 

 

This is a therapy performed by the Reverend Taikei Kohno at Konchi-in, a temple of the Rinzai Sect in Shizuoka. It is said that the therapy relieved more than 200 thousand people from serious diseases.

 

This therapy is conducted as below: roast the surfaces of two dark-green, thick raw leaves over fire to the degree that they do not become charred; rub them together with both hands about 10 times; hold one leaf each on both hands, and place them directly on the skin when the leaves are still hot; massage the following areas by pressing and stroking the skin with the leaves. 

 

First, you massage the abdomen for 6-7 minutes, especially carefully at the point below the navel (the second chakra of yoga) and solar plexus; second, massage the back, shoulders, waist and buttocks for about 10 minutes in total;

 

lastly, massage the affected area, for example, the front and back of the liver area if the person has hepatitis.

 

 

 

(3) Loquat leaf thermal moxibustion (the method using a loquat leaf and a stick of moxa)

 

 

 

This is a thermal moxibustion method using a raw loquat leaf and a moxa stick. This method is widespread. Place a loquat leaf at the affected area or a point of moxibustion, and place a moxa stick on it, and perform thermal moxibustion. It is said that there are following benefits:

 

1. medical actions by components of loquat leaves such as amygdalin,

 

2. effects of thermal moxibustion by using a moxa stick, and

 

3. effects of shiatsu by pressing with a moxa stick.

 

 

 

And actually it has proved great effects.

 

However, there are some weak points that it smokes, smells, and produces sparks of fire and ashes. This method seems to be difficult for elderly people and children especially for safety reasons.

 

 

 

(4) Thermal moxibustion using loquat leaf extract (moxa-type thermal moxibustion tool)

 

 

 

A special tool (moxa-type thermal moxibustion tool) is used for this method. After soaking the end of the tool, it is heated with a stick moxa, and pressed against the skin.

 

Since loquat leaf extract is used, this method is useful for people who are living in an area where loquat leaves are difficult to obtain.

 

However, smoke and smell are strong because moxa is used, and handling of fire and ash is troublesome.

 

 

 

(5) Far-infrared thermal moxibustion tool (Euphoria)

 

 

 

Loquat leaf extract soaked at the end of the tool evaporates by the heat of far-infrared rays, and warms the skin.

 

far-infrared rays spread deeper compared to the other heat sources, and it is expected that it warms not only the skin surface, but also the core part of the body.

 

The far-infrared thermal moxibustion tool sold in the market is certified as a medical device, and it has the following effects and medicinal benefits.

 

1. Recovery from fatigue

 

2. Improvement of circulation of the blood

 

3. Relaxation of muscle stiffness

 

4. Recovery of tired muscle

 

5. Alleviation of neuralgia and myalgia

 

6. Improvement of activity of the digestive organs

 

 

 

 

 

When actually using this thermal moxibustion tool, you feel soft warmth at first, then the feeling of warmth rises in around 15 seconds, which feels very good.

 

Since moxa is not burned, there are additional benefits that the cost is low even if you use it every day, and it is safe to use without creating ash or sparks of fire.

 

Therefore, you can use not only at your home, but also at a hotel or a hospital.